CERTAIN HPV-RELATED CANCERS

There are two types of HPV (Types 16 and 18) that cause about 75% of cervical cancer cases, about 70% of vaginal cancer cases, and about 50% of vulvar cancer cases.

  • Cervical Cancer
  • Vaginal and Vulvar Cancers
Female Genital Diagram

Cervical:

Each day, another 33 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in the United States (about 12,000 women per year). Unlike some other cancers, cervical cancer is not considered to be passed down through family genes. It is caused by certain types of HPV. When a female is infected with these types of HPV, and the virus doesn’t go away on its own, abnormal cells can develop in the lining of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina). If these abnormal cells are not found early through routine cervical cancer screening and treated, precancers and then cervical cancer can develop.

Two types of HPV cause about 75% of cervical cancer cases in females.

Having regular Pap tests is the best way to help protect against cervical cancer in the future. A Pap test doesn’t diagnose HPV. But it looks for abnormal cells (that are caused by certain types of HPV) in the lining of the cervix before the cells become precancer. To determine if the changes seen on an abnormal Pap test are caused by HPV, your doctor can order an HPV test.

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, a woman's first Pap test should be at age 21. Be sure to follow a health care professional's recommendation for cervical cancer screenings.

For girls who are not old enough for a Pap test, regular wellness visits are a good way to start lifelong, healthy habits.

Female Genital Diagram

Vaginal:

There are several types of vaginal cancer, but most types are commonly found in the lining of the upper area of the vagina near the cervix.

Each year in the United States, there are approximately 2,680 cases of vaginal cancer.

HPV Types 16 and 18 cause about 70% of vaginal cancer cases.



Vulvar:

Vulvar cancer is a type of cancer that forms just outside the vagina in an area called the vulva. In the United States, there are about 4,490 cases of vulvar cancer each year. HPV Types 16 and 18 cause up to 50% of vulvar cancer cases.


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